Getting Violent

Viktoriia Biliaieva
National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”
Faculty of Social Sciences and Social Technologies
Master Program of Political Science (1st year)
from Zaporizhzhia city

EuroMaidan started as a peaceful movement. No one could possibly think it would turn violent. But it did. By chance, I witnessed the first clash between protesters and Special Forces. On the one hand, I was shocked by such developments and terrified as my friends and I stood on the way of protesters in masks who were trying to run away from Berkut. But I have to admit it also appeared to be funny and exciting, and the second filling was dominant. Only the next day, when my friends and me watched videos and photos from the epicentre of the clash, we realised that we were in real danger, which brought doubts about the possibility to justify violence. That attitude changed again as violence proved to be needed in order for the revolution to win. That is why I feel that my attitude to violence as a means of achieving goals by people changed considerably in the course of the revolution from inability to imagine its use to understanding that it may be the only way to change the situation that cannot be changed otherwise. Read more

Documentary Series: “Nebesna Sotnia”

1 episode of #Babylon13 documentary film “Nebesna Sotnia”

The first film in the “Nebesna Sotnia” series of documentaries, “The winter that we have changed.” This is the story of those who died for freedom and for their own state. Still unknown how many people were actually part of the celestial hundreds of … It is not only those who were killed in the center of the Ukrainian capital at the end of February 2014. It’s also all those who opposed the regime across the country , and missing or been murdered since the beginning Yevromaydanu . On these witnesses will remember those events , their members and relatives of the victims. “The winter that we have changed ” – a joint project of “1 +1 ” Production and Creative Union of Babylon 13.

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Phase 1: Euromaidan and the Orange Revolution

Jeff Stepnisky

In a March 6 post I described research on what I called “The 4 Maidans.” In this post I consider elements of “Phase 1.” I look at the initial development of the Euromaidan movement and in particular its association with the Maidan Nezalezhnosti. I am interested in the ways that Euromaidan was framed during the first week of protests. More specifically, relying upon news articles collected through Brama.com, I describe the techniques used to connect the burgeoning Euromaidan movement with 2004’s Orange Revolution. The idea is that, at least in its earliest moments, the Euromaidan movement gained significance and legitimacy through connections that protesters, organizers, politicians and journalists made between the Orange Revolution and Euromaidan. Read more

Dr. Olexiy Haran: Don’t believe Russian propaganda

Dr. Olexiy Haran cautions against believing Russian propaganda about ‘fascist’ Ukrainian protesters

Euromaidan supporters protest against the forthcoming referendum on the Crimea's accession to RussiaDr. Olexiy Haran is professor of comparative politics at the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.  He  says that the Euromaidan was a place of multi-ethnic national solidarity in the face of repression – Putin only seeks to justify his aggression.

From his article “Don’t believe the Russian propaganda about Ukraine’s ‘fascist’ protesters”:

The Kremlin uses many kinds of falsifications to justify its aggression against Ukraine and plans to annex Crimean peninsula. One of which is that the mass protests of Ukrainians against the corrupt and bloody regime of Viktor Yanukovych, called the Euromaidan, was a gathering of far-right extremists intent on imposing nationalist rule over all other ethnic groups in Ukraine.

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The Four Maidans: Introductory comments

For sociologists, space is both a physical and a social construction. That is, space has both material and symbolic dimensions. For this reason, particular spaces can come to embody, express or carry within them shared meanings and identities. There is no better example of this phenomenon than the Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) which has undergone massive transformation – both physical and symbolic – over the past 5 months. Read more

Bohdan Klid responds to Steven Cohen

Bohdan Klid to PBS ombudsman, Michael Getler, in response to professor Steven Cohen’s comments made during the PBS Newshour program (3 March 2014) on Ukraine’s new government.

I am writing to register a complaint about professor Steven Cohen’s comments broadcast on the PBS Newshour on 3 March 2014 (Seattle station). Dr. Cohen said that the new government in Ukraine was illegitimate and extremist. On what evidence would he base this claim? Such a statement is strongly at odds with the position of all of the EU states, the US, and Canada, which have indicated support for the provisional authorities in Kyiv. Moreover, it is now abundantly clear that the former president Viktor Yanukovych fled the country to avoid answering before Ukraine’s parliament for his government’s decisions to use deadly force against demonstrators. Also, there is ample evidence to support charges of fraud, embezzlement and corruption involving tens of billions of dollars. Finally, 371 members of parliament (of 450 elected) voted to remove him from office. In short, professor Cohen’s comments are nothing short of irresponsible. In the context of the extremely dangerous situation, following incursions by Russia’s troops into Crimea and threats of invasion of eastern Ukraine, they are also extremely reckless.

Dr. Bohdan Klid, Assistant Director
Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies
430 Pembina Hall, University of Alberta
Edmonton AB  T6G 2H8 Canada
Tel.:  (780) 492-6857, -2972
Fax:  (780) 492-4967
E-mail: bklid@ualberta.ca

EuroMaidan Online

Carola Frediani on the EuroMaidan online – how the internet and social media have impacted the revolution.

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From “How Ukraine’s EuroMaidan Revolution Played Out Online”:

After three months of demonstrations and fighting on the streets, ending with the ouster of President Viktor Yanukovych, there are few doubts that the Internet and social media played major roles in the revolution. While the Ukrainian press coverage was often limited, technology and online platforms not only materially sustained the protesters, but also helped them to reach an international audience.

Protestors began to mobilize on Nov. 21, 2013, after the Ukrainian government suspend preparations for the EU-Ukraine Association agreement. They gathered in Independence Square (Maidan) in Kiev and used the hashtags #euromaidan and #евромайдан on Twitter and Facebook. The Facebook posts of Hromadske TV journalist Mustafa Nayem, encouraging Ukranians to gather at Maidan, received more than 1,000 shares in a few hours. At the same time, a number of independent video streams were set up, on platforms like UStream, live broadcasting what was happening on the streets. Read more